Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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In the quarters called Dar-ul-Amarat government offices and houses for the residence of officers were provided. Companion- versus Caliph-Oriented History: Subsequently, Ali turned towards Basra and the caliph’s army met the army of Muslims who demanded revenge for the murder of Uthman.

After his appointment as caliph, Ali dismissed several provincial governors, some of whom were relatives of Uthman, and replaced them with trusted aides such as Malik al-Ashtar. It is an important fact to note that Umar never participated in any battle as a commander of a Muslim Army throughout his life.

The apostasy of al-Yamama was led by another supposed prophet, Musaylimah[36] who arose before Muhammad’s death; other centers of the rebels were in the NajdEastern Arabia known then as al-Bahrayn and South Arabia known as al-Yaman and including the Mahra.

Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufaa Muslim garrison city in current-day Iraq. On their way to Antioch, a Roman army blocked them near a river on which there was an iron bridge. Nothing happened until the third week of August in which the Battle of Yarmouk was fought. The continued existence of the Persian government was however an incitement to revolt in the conquered territories and unlike the Byzantine army, the Sasanian army was continuously striving to regain their lost territories.


They further argue that a caliph is ideally chosen by election or community consensus.

The tax was levied on merchandise meant for sale. The prisoners taken in the battle informed them about Emperor Heraclius’s final effort to take back Syria. By the s, the caliphate in addition to the Arabian Peninsula had subjugated the Levantto the Transcaucasus in the north; North Africa from Egypt to present-day Tunisia in the west; and the Iranian plateau to parts of Central Asia and South Asia in the west.

However, soon the environment was considered harsh, and Umar ordered the resettlement of the 40, settlers to Kufa. You said four, but listed five names.

His caliphate coincided with the First Fitna civil war when Muslims were divided over who had the legitimate right to occupy the caliphate.

The Battle of the River”.

The Muslims proclaimed it the Victory of Victories Fath alfotuh as it marked the End of the Sasaniansshattering the last strongest Sasanian army.

Other already populated areas were greatly expanded.

He was the second cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad and one of the early converts of Islam. Com December 1, During his reign, at the time of appointment, every officer was required to make the oath:. Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: Caliph Abu Bakr stated in his sermon when he was elected: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Emesa and the strategical town of Chalcis made peace with the Muslims for one year. Views Sunni view of Ali Shi’a view of Ali.

Rashidun – Wikipedia

Sunni schools of theology Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: The canal was constructed within a year by ‘Amr ibn al-‘Asand Abdus Salam Nadiv writes that “Arabia was rid of famine for all the times to come. The Caliphate under Ali emerged victorious and the dispute rawhideen settled. During the reign of Caliph Uthman an attempt was made in the year to regain Alexandria for the Byzantine empire, but eashideen was retaken by Amr in Pages using Timeline Webarchive template wayback links Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references NPOV disputes from June All NPOV disputes Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles r unsourced statements from June Commons category link is on Wikidata.


The decision was enshrined in his will, and on the death of Abu Bakr inUmar was confirmed in office.

Rashidun Caliphate

The Rashidun were either elected by a council see the election of Uthman and Islamic democracy or chosen based on the wishes of their predecessor. Buildings known as Bait-ul-Mal were constructed to house royal treasuries.

The Rashidun army was the primary military body of the Islamic armed forces of the 7th century, serving alongside the Rashidun navy. After the Battle of Aleppo the city finally agreed to surrender in October This time, however, a garrison of 12, men was left in Cyprus, bringing the island under Muslim influence.